Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

EECS in the News

Scribe: Deep Integration of Human and Machine Intelligence to Caption Speech in Real Time

Research by Prof. Walter Lasecki and his collaborators is highlighted in the Sept. issue of Communications of the ACM. The researchers describe Scribe, a system that combines human labor and machine intelligence to caption speech in real time. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Acoustic Processing  Artificial Intelligence  Interactive Systems  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Interactive Systems  Lasecki, Walter  

The Internet of Things: From Hype to Reality

Get some insights into the future of the Internet of Things including the so-called Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) in this article featuring commentary by Prof. David Blaauw. Read The Internet of Things: From Hype to Reality, by Edwin Cartlidge, Optics & Photonics News, September 2017 - Online or download the PDF. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Internet of Things  

Phone Browsing Could Become Faster, May Use Less Data With Smart Code

This article reports on Vroom, software developed by computer scientists including Prof. Harsha Madhyastha and CSE graduate student Vaspol Ruamviboonsuk. Vroom improves mobile browsing speed by optimizing the end-to-end interaction between smart devices and web servers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Madhyastha, Harsha  Mobile Computing  

After Y Combinator, May Mobility Ready to Test Self-Driving Fleets

May Mobility, founded by Prof. Edwin Olson, is focused on real-world implementations of autonomous driving technology, with a specific emphasis on whats possible today, not what might be doable five or ten years from now. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

May Mobility is a self-driving startup with a decade of experience

May Mobility, founded by Prof. Edwin Olson, is focused on real-world implementations of autonomous driving technology, with a specific emphasis on whats possible today, not what might be doable five or ten years from now. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Olson, Edwin  

In fight for free speech, researchers test anti-censorship tool built into the internet's core

This article describes an implementation of TapDance, a method of anticensorship deployment that is built into the very core of the internet itself. By building TapDance into the servers and routers that underpin the Internet, censorship would become impractical. TapDance's development has been led by Prof. J. Alex Halderman. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

A New Kind of Classroom: No Grades, No Failing, No Hurry

This article on reports on the recent popularity of mastery-based learning in K-12 schools. Thurnau Professor Elliot Soloway is quoted in the article. He questions the approach, and contends that students learn by building on knowledge and frequently returning to it, not by working to mastery and then moving on. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Interactive Systems  Soloway, Elliot  Technology for Education  

Youd Never Have to Plug in This Battery-Free Cell Phone

Prof. David Blaauw offers feedback on this concept for a batteryless cellphone. Overall what they are doing is very interesting and they are pursuing a goal that everyone would love and kill for." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  

U.S. elections are an easier target for Russian hackers than once thought

This article on voting system security quotes Prof. J. Alex Halderman, who says of the prospect of election tampering that "the technical ability is there and we wouldn't be able to catch it. The state of technical defense is very primitive in our election system now." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Where the Jobs Are: 2017

Hot fields in the United States include embedded engineering, control engineering, and robotics. ECE's the place to be! [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Control Systems  Embedded Computing and Systems  Robotics  

Heres exactly how Russia can hack the 2018 elections

Vulnerabilities in our voting system need to be addressed swiftly, according to experts in the field, including Prof. J. Alex Halderman. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Let's Encrypt Issues 100 Millionth Security Certificate

The Internet is more secure thanks to Let's Encrypt, the certificate authority founded by Prof. J. Alex Halderman and his collaborators. Since launching in Jan. 2016, Let's Encrypt has issued 100 million certificates. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

How to prevent Russian hackers from attacking the 2018 election

In this commentary piece in the Chicago Tribune, Prof. J. Alex Halderman and Justin Talbot-Zorn make the case for a straightforward policy agenda to secure America's voting systems against the threat of hackers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

If Voting Machines Were Hacked, Would Anyone Know?

In the article, Prof. J. Alex Halderman points out how electronic voting systems even those not connected to the Internet can be compromised. One path for hackers is to attack the computers that are used to program the ballots, which are later transferred to voting machines via memory cards. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

New Computer Chips That See Data Will Enable Energy-Efficient Supercomputers

Drawing inspiration from how mammalian brains process sight, Prof. Wei Lu has found a way to mimic the functions of biological neural networks on a next-gen memristor chip. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Lu, Wei  Memristor  

Neuromorphic Chips Offer Neural Networks That Actually Work Like the Brain

Engineers at the University of Michigan are onto something rather more brainlike, however, with help from a peculiar electrical component known as a memristor. They've developed a new "sparse coding" algorithm that uses grids of memristors to approximate the pattern recognition abilities of mammalian brains. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Computer-Aided Design & VLSI  Lu, Wei  Memristor  

U.S. Hospitals Not Immune to Crippling Cyber Attacks

In this article, Prof. Kevin Fu comments on the vulnerabilities that exist in hospital and healthcare systems and devices. The recent strike by the ransomware program called WannaCry demonstrates that these shortcomings. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Health  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Medical Device Security  

Apple Just Acquired This Little-Known Artificial Intelligence Startup

CSE Prof. Michael Cafarella is a co-founder of the startup Lattice Data, which builds on statistical inference and machine learning to solve problems using dark data. Apple has acquired Lattice, which recently emerged from stealth mode, for $200M. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cafarella, Michael  Databases and Data Mining  Lab-Software Systems  

Apple acquires AI company Lattice Data, a specialist in unstructured dark data, for $200M

CSE Prof. Michael Cafarella is a co-founder of the startup Lattice Data, which builds on statistical inference and machine learning to solve problems using dark data. Apple has acquired Lattice, which recently emerged from stealth mode, for $200M. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Cafarella, Michael  Databases and Data Mining  Lab-Software Systems  

Smartphone security hole: "Open port" backdoors are common

The College of Engineering reports on work by computer science security researchers which has revealed that so-called "open ports" are much more vulnerable to security breaches than previously thought. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile Computing  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  

Picting, not Writing, is the Literacy of Todays Youth

This blog post by Thurnau Prof. Elliot Soloway and his collaborator Cathie Norris looks at the disconnect between existing instructional materials (90% text) and how K-12 students communicate and consume (90% image-based), with ramifications for educational practices. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Interactive Systems  Soloway, Elliot  Technology for Education  

Wellman and Rajan on the Ethics of Automated Trading

In this audio interview at Algocracy and the Transhumanist Project, Prof. Michael Wellman and Business Administration Prof. Uday Rajan comment on the ethics of autonomous trading agents on financial markets. The discussion encompasses algorithmic trading, high frequency trading, market manipulation, the AI control problem, and more. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wellman, Michael  

Hundreds of popular Android apps have open ports, making them prime targets for hacking

This article reports on the work done by CSE researchers Yunhan Jack Jia, Qi Alfred Chen, Yikai Lin, Chao Kong, and Prof. Z. Morley Mao in characterizing a widespread vulnerability in popular Android apps. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile Computing  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  

Rackham Student Spotlight: Elizabeth Dreyer

Liz is a Rackham Merit Fellow and has always been intentional about her status as a first generation college student, wanting to find whatever ways to increase her chance for success as much as possible. Liz examines magneto-electric scattering, shining high-powered lasers and controlling input light to focus on the scattered light and determine whats happening to the material, particularly exploring what makes one material better than another. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Rand, Stephen  

Open Ports Create Backdoors in Millions of Smartphones

This article reports on work by CSE researchers who have characterized a widespread vulnerability in the software that runs on mobile devices which could allow attackers to steal contact information, security credentials, photos, and other sensitive data by using open ports to create backdoors. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile Computing  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  

Hacking with Sound Waves

CSE researchers have demonstrated a new way of using sound to interfere with devices containing accelerometers, such as smartphones and self-driving cars. This presents a new avenue for hackers to use in compromising devices to steal information or disrupt communication. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Embedded Computing and Systems  Fu, Kevin  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

An Obscure Flaw Creates Backdoors in Millions of Smartphones

CSE researchers have characterized a widespread vulnerability in the software that runs on mobile devices which could allow attackers to steal contact information, security credentials, photos, and other sensitive data, and also to install malware and to perform malicious code execution which could be used in large-scale attacks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Graduate Students  Lab-Software Systems  Mao, Zhuoqing Morley  Mobile Computing  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Security (Computing)  

Why India Needs A Paper Trail For Free And Fair Elections

This article in the Indian edition of the Huffington Post, references the work that Prof. J. Alex Halderman and his collaborators did in 2010 to demonstrate vulnerabilities in India's "tamper-proof" electronic voting machines. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Need a job? How about engineering a driverless car?

As Michigan accelerates toward leadership in the emerging driverless car technology, industry experts say its workforce needs to catch up. Gov. Rick Snyder signed legislation in December allowing the public to buy and use fully self-driving cars when they are available. Jessy Grizzle, the director of Michigan Robotics, said the problem of finding talent in self-driving cars lies in the lack of integrated capability to develop the industry. But that is also where the solution lies. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Autonomous Vehicles   Grizzle, Jessy  

University researchers develop ultra-thin silver film to improve touch-screen technology

Prof. Jay Guo's research team succeeded in creating a tarnish-proof silver film whose properties allow for various uses such as high-tech screens. The teams paper, published last Monday, details the films versatility. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Electronic devices  Flexible electronics  Guo, L. Jay  Lab-Optics and Photonics  

Michigan Allots $87 Million to Replace Flints Tainted Water Pipes

Prof. Jacob Abernethy collaborated with Flint officials and colleagues at UM Flint on a study last year that analyzed the Flint water system and the undertaking required to identify and replace lead pipes in homes. He said that the state's just-announced plan for finishing the replacement of thousands of targeted lead pipes in three years seemed possible with enough money and resources. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Abernethy, Jake  Big Data  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  

The next cyberattack could render your anti-virus and encryption software useless

Researchers including Prof. Kevin Fu and CSE graduate student Timothy Trippel have demonstrated a new way of using sound to interfere with devices containing accelerometers, such as smartphones. This presents a new avenue for hackers to use in compromising devices to steal information or disrupt communication. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Fu, Kevin  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Speck-Size Computers: Now With Deep Learning

The author describes the Michigan Micro Mote and research by David Blaauw and Dennis Sylvester presented at the 2017 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference. They presented 10 papers in all related to the micromote computers. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Blaauw, David  Integrated Circuits and VLSI  Lab-Michigan Integrated Circuits (MICL)  Millimeter-scale Computing  Sylvester, Dennis  

Screens of the future could be made with transparent silver

Prof. Jay Guo just published new research in the journal Advanced Materials that suggests using a seven-nanometer-thick film made of silver could replace indium tin oxide as a transparent conductive surface for touch screens. Indium is growing more expensive as its use increases, so this could be a valuable alternative. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Flexible electronics  Guo, L. Jay  Lab-Optics and Photonics  

University presidents: Prepare for global economy

President Mark Schlissel writes with two other Michigan university presidents on the need to prepare graduates to compete in the global market. The article mentions ECE professor Kamal Sarabandi, a world leader in radar sensing whose work is used by NASA and other government agencies. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Radiation (RADLAB)  Remote Sensing  Sarabandi, Kamal  

Smartphone Accelerometers Can Be Fooled by Sound Waves

This article features work done by Prof. Kevin Fu and his collaborators in which they demonstrate a way to take control of or influence devices such as smartphones through the use of sound waves. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Embedded Computing and Systems  Fu, Kevin  Internet of Things  Lab-Computer Engineering (CE Lab)  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Optical Magnetism: Photons induce high levels of magnetism in optical materials

Prof. Steve Rand's group at the MURI Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics (DYNAMO) have both observed and explained the presence of photon-induced magnetic dipole (MD) scattering (optical magnetism) in certain crystalline materials that is just as intense as ordinary Rayleigh scattering. The experiments show for the first time an alternative way of controlling magnetic properties of materials with light. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Optics and Photonics  Metamaterials  Optics and Photonics  Rand, Stephen  

AI Scientists Gather to Plot Doomsday Scenarios (and Solutions)

Michael Wellman, Lynn A. Conway Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, was part of a workshop aimed at worst-possible adverse outcome AI scenarios and how to prevent them. One of the topics discussed was Prof. Wellman's stock market manipulation scenario. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wellman, Michael  

Will artificial intelligence ever actually match up to the human brain?

This article asks the question: How long will it be until we have a general artificial intelligence, rathe than silos of narrow, specific AIs? John Laird, the John L. Tishman Professor of Engineering, comments in the article on the challenges involved in identifying capabilities and integrating them together into a general AI. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Laird, John  

Professor Who Urged an Election Recount Thinks Trump Won, but Voting Integrity Still Concerns Him

This article in the Chronicle of Higher Education includes a Q and A with Prof. J. Alex Halderman on the 2016 presidential election recount and on the challenges ahead for election integrity. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Clinc Raises Venture Capital Round of $6.3 million

Clinc, the artificial-intelligence startup founded by CSE Profs. Jason Mars and Lingjia Tang, announced Wednesday morning that it has raised a funding round of $6.3 million. The company's open-source intelligent assistant and machine learning research platform is involved in research programs with Intel Corp., IBM Corp. and the National Science Foundation. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Mars, Jason  Tang, Lingjia  

Why Some Apps Use Fake Progress Bars

School of Information Professor Eytan Adar is quoted in this article about a technique he calls "benevolent deception" which can increase user's trust in a system. Later in the article, he lays out guidelines for using benevolent deception. Prof. Adar also has an appointment in CSE. [Full Story]

VIDEO: U-M to begin experimenting with bird-inspired robot

The University of Michigan will begin experimenting with the capabilities of a robot inspired by a flightless bird. With two legs, backward facing knee-like joints and a short torso, researchers note that it may remind people a bit of an ostrich. Named CASSIE, the robot comes from Agility Robotics, a startup spun out of Oregon State University. U-M is one of the first organizations to begin testing out CASSIE. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Grizzle, Jessy  Robotics  

Memristor Research Highlights Neuromorphic Device Future

Professor Wei Lu is leading an effort to make neuromorphic processor technology a reality. Lus group is focusing on the memristors a two-terminal device that essentially is a resistor with memory that retain its stored data even when turned off that can act like synapses to build computers that can act like the human brain and drive machine learning. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Brain  Lu, Wei  Memristor  

Inside the Recount

This story provides an in-depth, inside view of how the recount effort for the 2016 presidential election - of which Prof. J. Alex Halderman was a primary participant - was sparked, how it came to focus on three states, what the results showed, and what we can learn from it all. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Our Voting System Is Hackable by Foreign Powers

This article reviews the vulnerabilities that currently exist in our voting system. It references Prof. J. Alex Halderman, who has stated that he and his students could have changed the results of the November election. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

How Powerful AI Technology Can Lead to Unforeseen Disasters

This article reports on a panel discussion on AI ethics and education hosted by the Future of Life Institute. Panelist Prof. Benjamin Kuipers notes that the small decisions that robots make on their own can cause trouble because human programmers may fail to take all of a robot's possible choices into account. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Kuipers, Benjamin  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Robotics  

Innovation is for Finishers

Many researchers are hoping startups will help get their ideas to the marketplace and universities are trying to help. Prof. Stephen Forrest, himself the founder of multiple companies, has helped colleagues get their own projects off the ground through his support for the Michigan Venture Center. Former CSE chair Farnam Jahanian also shares experiences with his founding of Arbor Networks. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Entrepreneurship  Forrest, Stephen  Networking, Operating Systems, and Distributed Systems  Optics and Photonics  

The 2016 US Election Wasnt Hacked, but the 2020 Election Could Be

Prof. Alex Halderman is quoted in this article which reports on the recent Chaos Communication Congress. "Developing an attack for one of these machines is not terribly difficult," says Prof. Halderman. "I and others have done it again and again in the laboratory. All you need to do is buy one government surplus on eBay to test it out." [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Digital Democracy  Halderman, J. Alex  Lab-Software Systems  Security (Computing)  

Poker Is the Latest Game to Fold Against Artificial Intelligence

Prof. Michael Wellman is quoted in this article on new AI systems that are able to best top-level human opponents in games of poker. "What's really new for such a complex game is being able to effectively compute the action to take in each situation as it is encountered, rather than having to work through a simplified form of the entire tree of game possibilities offline," says Prof. Wellman. Prof. Wellman is also quoted on the same subject in this article in Wired. [Full Story]

Related Topics:  Artificial Intelligence  Lab-Artificial Intelligence  Wellman, Michael  

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